Research Misconduct-Related Regulations

Journal of Korean Powder Metallurgy Institute Research Misconduct-Related Regulations

Established: June 17, 2016

Chapter 1 General Provisions

1. Purpose
The purpose of this guide is to strengthen research ethics by setting the standards, operation, and discipline of research misconduct on the articles submitted or published in the Journal of Korean Powder Metallurgy Institute.

2. Ethics Committee
① The ethics committee of the Korea Powder Metallurgy Institute will be formed to deliberate and decide on the regulations.
② The chair of the Research Ethics Committee shall be the Editor-in-chief of the Korea Powder Metallurgy Committee. The chair convenes and presides over the Research Ethics Committee when the Editorial Committee proposes an issue as regards research misconduct.
③ The Research Ethics Committee shall consist of no more than five members. The committee members are appointed by the president of the society after the recommendation of the Editorial Committee.

Chapter 2 Research Misconduct

3. Subject of Research Misconduct
Research misconduct is directed to articles, documents, and data submitted or published to the Journal of Korean Powder Metallurgy Institute.

4. Simultaneous Submission

Submitted papers may not be submitted to other domestic or foreign academic journals simultaneously, or as a duplicate, regardless of whether it is submitted beforehand or afterwards.

5. Duplicated Publication
① Dissertations published in other domestic or foreign academic journals may not be duplicated.
② When submitting a research report or a part of a doctoral or a master’s thesis as it is, or if it is corrected or supplemented, the correct description must be clearly stated.

6. Plagiarism
① Plagiarism is the act of deliberate description of the content of academic ideas, opinions, expressions, and research results already published through all written media, including domestic or foreign journals, academic papers, research reports, master’s or doctoral dissertations, books, magazines, and the internet without reference to the source.
② Plagiarism also applies when the researcher is the same as the author of the paper already published (self-plagiarism). However, it is not considered plagiarism if it describes widely used academic knowledge or research results without citation.

7. Forgery and Falsification
Forgery or falsification involves the act of intentionally expressing, among others, numerical values and photographs of the data or results used in the research differently from the truth.
1. Forgery is the act of untruthful creation of false data or research results that do not exist.
2. Falsification refers to the act of artificial manipulation of research materials, equipment, processes, or distorting research contents or results by modifying or deleting data arbitrarily.

Chapter 3 Deliberation and Resolution Procedures

8. Judgment of Research Misconduct
① If there is a report on research misconduct within or outside the institute, the chair of the Editorial Committee must convene the committee to collect relevant data and confirm the credibility of the report.
② When the chair of the Editorial Committee confirms the authenticity of the report, he/she will submit the document of issue to the Research Ethics Committee.
③ The chair of the Research Ethics Committee gives the researcher an opportunity to document the proposed issues within two weeks in advance of the hearing.
④ The Research Ethics Committee shall make a unanimous decision on whether there has been a case of research misconduct. If there is a disagreement between the two parties, it shall be decided by a vote of 3/5 of the attending committee members.

9. Discipline and Result Processing

① A person who violates research ethics shall be subject to and notified of a disciplinary action through the following measures:
1. Member expulsion
2. Prohibition of contributing to the Korean Powder Metallurgy Journal
3. If the article is published, the article will be deleted. Papers that are scheduled to be published cannot be published.
4. Relevant organizations will be notified of ethics violations.
5. Other disciplinary actions that are deemed necessary
② The content of the violated research ethics shall be posted on the homepage after a two-week protest period.
③ The contents of the disciplinary action in Items 2, 3, and 5 of Clause 1 shall be notified in the name of the editor-in-chief after the decision of the Research Ethics Committee. The contents of disciplinary action in Items 1 and 4 shall be notified in the name of the president after the Board of Directors’ approval.

10. Objection
① A researcher who is judged for a research misconduct may file an objection only once within one month from the date of notification, if the decision of the Research Ethics Committee or the reason for misconduct is unreasonable.
② The Research Ethics Committee can review or revise the contents of the resolution by deliberating the validity of the objection.


1. Amendment, Opening, and Closing of Regulations
This regulation may be amended, opened, or closed through the resolution of the Board of Directors.

2. Effective Date
This regulation shall be effective beginning on the date of the Board of Directors’ approval (June 17, 2016).